Students Studying Law should use the OSCOLA referencing system. 

Guides to OSCOLA:

What is OSCOLA referencing?

There are three parts to OSCOLA referencing:

  • the footnote marker
    The footnote marker appears in your text to acknowledge a reference. It is also there to reference where an idea, piece of research, statistic, quotation etc came from - this avoids plagiarism.

  • the footnote
    The footnote appears on the bottom of the page with details of the resource, ie book, case, legislation etc. Footnotes should be written and formatted according to OSCOLA.

  • the bibliography
    The bibliography appears at the end of your work, listing all primary and secondary sources. The bibliography should be written and formatted according to OSCOLA. 

Reference types

Here are a few examples of the main types of resource you'll need to reference. Remember, what's included in your reference can vary depending on a number of different factors. For example, what's included in a case footnote and how it's formatted, will depend on the jurisdiction, and whether a neutral citation is available.  Always refer to the Law Division's OSCOLA guide as your definitive guide to referencing legal materials.

Cases - England and Wales
Cases - Scotland

Frequently asked questions

How should I lay out my bibliography?
What should be in my footnote?